What is a Swatch?

A swatch is a 10cm by 10cm square used to measure gauge.  Gauge refers to the number of stitches and rows a knitter or crocheter makes per inch using a certain yarn and needles or hook. To make an accurate gauge swatch, cast on or chain enough stitches to equal approximately four inches and work in pattern for four inches.  After reading text below, watch the video of “How to Machine Knit a Swatch“!

Marking off Center 10 cm x 10 cm (4″ x 4″) Square

 

Standard Gauge Knitting Machine Swatch

Cast-on over 60 needles

1.  Knit 10-20 rows of main yarn, remove main yarn and hook yarn at end of main bed
2.  Knit 2 rows of contrast rows, break yarn
3.  Thread main yarn in carriage
4.  Knit 30 rows, place markers on 21th needle on each side of zero as shown in video
5.  Knit another 30 rows
6.  Repeat # 2 above
7.  Repeat # 1 above

Use the Green Ruler for standard gauge knitting machine;

Mid-Gauge Knitting Machines:

Same as above except cast-on over 40 needles:

4.  Knit 20 rows, place markers on 16th needle on each side of zero
5.  Knit another 20 rows

Use the Yellow Ruler for mid-gauge knitting machines

Bulky Gauge Knitting Machines:

Same as above except cast-on over 30 needles:

4.  Knit 15 rows, place markers on 11th needle on each side of zero
5.  Knit another 15 rows  

 Use the Blue Ruler for bulky gauge knitting machines.